When the mouth is closed, individuals who have an open bite have front upper and lower teeth that slant outward and do not make contact. This bite may make chewing some foods difficult, if not impossible.
What is Open Bite?
An open bite is a type of malocclusion in which the top and bottom portions of the mouth do not shut together. When a person shuts his or her mouth, this results in a gap between the rows of it. An open bite might obstruct communication and cause a person's smile.
What Causes Open Bites?
In rare cases, an open bite is caused by a problem with the jawbone. When children have a mixture of primary and permanent teeth, they often experience this malocclusion. Primary teeth cannot be aligned properly until all primary teeth have been gone; therefore, the malocclusion. Correcting posterior open bite with invisalign and open bite correction with braces causes issues in rare cases. A common treatment issue is the development of posterior open bites. Posterior open bite is often caused as a result of the use of clear aligners.
Additionally, this condition might be influenced by habits. Tongue thrusting may result in an open bite when the tongue is pushed through it when swallowing or speaking. Open bite correction with hidden braces are great treatment options. Tongue thrusting is a common occurrence in childhood, and the majority of children outgrow it. They may have problems with their speech and bite if they do not.
Additionally, habits like biting on foreign items or thumb sucking contribute to this condition. Inappropriate usage of a baby bottle or pacifier might exacerbate this condition as well.
Types of Open Bite Malocclusion
There are several types of open bites. The following are the most frequent:
Anterior Open Bite
This happens when the lower and upper jaws' front teeth do not overlap during a full bite. Typically, it affects all of the front teeth, although sometimes just a few of them. Typically, treatment is necessary to restore complete ripping and biting ability.
Posterior Open Bite
This type occurs when the back teeth are not in contact with one another, the polar opposite of the anterior type. When the patient bites down, the back teeth do not come into contact with one another. Typically, treatment is necessary to restore chewing function in the premolars and molars.
Dental Open Bite
This occurs when a tooth is unable to fully emerge through the jawbone and gum.
Skeletal Open Bite
Typically, this type is caused by a hereditary problem resulting in aberrant facial development. It results in an atypical development of the molars of the upper and lower jawbones.
What issues does Openbite cause?
This condition can cause the following:
- Lower self esteem
- Problems biting
- Speech difficulties
- Damage and wear to back teeth
- Inability to chew, which is more prevalent in posterior types
- temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD)
Treatment for Open Bite Teeth
According to the American Dental Association (ADA), an open bite may readily be corrected by orthodontic therapy. However, treating this condition is more difficult than treating any other type of malocclusion. If the condition is caused by the presence of both baby and permanent teeth, it may resolve on its own. Hardy Pediatric Dentistry & Orthodontics can assist in determining what causes an open bite and how to cure it. Check out the reviews of the patient of Dr. Hardy DDS.
If the malocclusion is caused by a misaligned jawbone, orthognathic surgery is required. This surgery involves excising a part of the upper jaw and realigning the jawbones in type to better align the teeth. Read about treating Overbite and Gaps Between Teeth.
Orthodontic devices may be used to assist a patient in resolving a bite opening. If tongue thrusting is a problem, orthodontic appliances may be used to prevent the tongue from pushing through. Additionally, a specific headgear may be utilized to assist in positioning the jaw and correcting the bite. Dental injury include broken teeth (fractured teeth), teeth totally knocked out of the mouth, or teeth displaced by unexpected external forces may create issues.
If the main teeth develop in the same open bite pattern as the baby teeth, orthodontists will propose wearing fitted braces to straighten the teeth. Learn tongue movement.
A combination of braces and behavior modification is often recommended for patients with a fully developed permanent set.
Treatment treatments for an open bite vary according to the severity of the condition. Adults often need surgery, whereas children and adolescents benefit from orthodontic appliances.
An open bite is treated regardless of age, whether it occurs in a child, adolescent, or adult. However, it is simpler if the teeth have not completely developed.
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